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FAQs -  Male fertility

Male infertility is any health issue in a man that lowers the chances of his female partner getting pregnant. About 13 out of 100 couples can't get pregnant with unprotected sex. There are many causes for infertility in men and women.

Male Fertility: Publications

Does masturbation in young age affect the male fertility status or sexual potential?

No. Even masturbating frequently won’t have any effect on your sperm count or your ability to get pregnant.

Is Impotence and Infertility one and the same in a man?

  • Impotency usually means a man who cannot perform sex, but he may have good number of sperms which can injected artificially into the uterus through IUI. 

  • In the same way a person may be very good at sex, but may have no sperms. Hence virility and sperm productions are two departments. 

  • If testis are very small or damaged , it may cause infertility and impotence both.

Can smoking Cigarette and drinking alcohol affect Sperms?

  • Men who smoke have decreased sperm concentration, decreased motility (how sperm swim), fewer normally shaped sperm, and increased sperm DNA damage.

  • It is associated with decreased IVF success rates and possibly increased miscarriage rates. Secondhand smoke can harm the female partner's fertility as well.

  • Having the occasional alcoholic drink is unlikely to affect your fertility. But heavy drinking can reduce sperm quality, lower testosterone production, and make it harder to achieve an erection.

Can the Use of Steroids for Body Building Cause Infertility?

Yes. Steroids taken either by mouth or injection can shut down the production of hormones needed for sperm production.

What are symptoms of male infertility?

  • Inability to ejaculate or a small volume of seminal fluid being released upon ejaculation.

  • Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicular or genital area can.

  • If a man has experienced blunt force trauma to the genitals or undergone cancer treatment, it is best to seek a medical evaluation prior to trying to conceive.

What is a common fertility treatment protocol for a man with infertility?

Treatment can range depending upon the diagnosis. 

  • Low sperm count can be treated by placing semen through a sperm wash and doing an Intrauterine Insemination (IUI). 

  • For very low counts/motility/morphology – ICSI

  • A lack of sperm due to anatomical abnormalities or If ejaculation is not possible, sperm can be aspirated from the testes and used in IVF. 

  • Donor sperm is available for those who have no sperms in the ejaculate or in the testis

What can a man do to boost fertility?

  • Semen health can rapidly improve by maintaining a healthy BMI, eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, drinking in moderation and taking vitamin supplements. 

  • Zinc increases sperm count and function, Folic Acid can reduce sperm abnormalities, Vitamin C boosts sperm motility, and Vitamin D assists in healthy sperm development.

  • Coenzyme Q10 supplement of 200 mg per day can improve sperm count and motility.

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